Tailored education improves fertility knowledge and awareness

Fertility knowledge and awareness are insufficient in reproductive-aged people around the world (Bunting 2013), particularly in relation to reproductive life span, risk factors for infertility, and limitations of assisted reproduction treatments. This is because to date, young people are not properly informed about fertility and preconceptional care, and then they are overoptimistic about their own fertility (Daniluk 2012, Hammaberg 2013). The main problem of this lack of knowledge is that it could lead to a permanent involuntary childlessness in the future in these women. Fortunately, relatively simple educational interventions can be used to increase fertility knowledge and to promote reproductive health in women with university education (Wojcieszek 2013, Stern 2013, Williamson 2014); however, no head to head intervention has been tested so far in the context of a fertility center, on young women of different education levels.

At Clinica EUGIN, we have performed a randomized controlled trial to evaluate which educational intervention most improves fertility knowledge and awareness on a cohort of oocyte donors, using a fertility questionnaire especially designed for the study. We compared the provision of tailored oral and written information, the provision of written information only, and a control group where no information was provided during the study timeframe.

The main finding of the study was that tailored education significantly increases fertility knowledge and awareness in young women (p<0.001, after the intervention). Moreover, all women benefited of the intervention regardless of the education level, age or parity. The aspects most improved were those related to aging and fertility, reflecting the interest of the participants on this issue. These results were presented recently at the ESHRE congress in Lisbon, where emphasis was placed on the difficulties accessing young people to provide fertility education.

At Clinica EUGIN we are committed to giving accurate information to our patients and donors in a patient-centered approach, which includes not only treatment explanation, but also reproductive health advice tailored to each womanunique situation.

Désirée García
Fundación Eugin